Avoiding Sports-related Eye Injuries in Children

Presented by TP Mechanical | Provided by HORAN

Eye injuries are the leading cause of blindness in children, and most eye injuries incurred by those ages 11 to 14 happen while they are playing sports. Every 13 minutes, an emergency room in the United States treats a sports-related eye injury. Of the estimated 2 million Americans who sustain eye injuries each year, approximately 40,000 will go on to be considered legally blind in the injured eye.

August is “Children’s Eye Health and Safety Month.” This is not only a good time to get your child’s eyes checked before school starts, but it is also a good time to ensure that they are protecting their eyes while playing sports.

Many youth sports teams don’t require eye protection, so parents should insist that their children wear safety glasses or goggles when playing. Parents can also set a good example by wearing protective eyewear themselves. The following graphic shows the type of protective eyewear that should be worn while playing popular sports.

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Zika: Why Men Should Be Concerned Too

Presented by TP Mechanical | Provided by HORAN

More athletes are avoiding competing in Brazil’s 2016 Olympics due to fears related to the Zika virus. Although the media has placed a high focus on the dangers for women who contract the virus, infectious disease experts agree—reproductively speaking—that men have the most reason for concern after visiting a country with a large Zika outbreak.

If a pregnant woman is bitten by a mosquito that carries the Zika virus, or if a woman becomes pregnant shortly after being bitten, her unborn baby runs the risk of being born with microcephaly, a severe, neurological birth disorder linked to Zika. But, the virus can also been found in the semen of infected men, and the amount of times the virus can be sexually transmitted is uncertain. This creates a chance of a man infecting his partner and putting their unborn baby at risk for microcephaly.

Because there is limited data, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that men who have been diagnosed with or who have had symptoms of Zika use condoms or abstain from sex for at least six months after symptoms occur.

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How to Prevent Heat Exhaustion

Temperatures have skyrocketed into sometimes dangerous ranges this summer. Excessive heat can lead to sunburns, heat cramps and heat exhaustion. Heat exhaustion, a condition which results in the body overheating, is one of the most dangerous heat-related syndromes.

At TP Mechanical we understand that sometimes you have no choice but to face the heat, so we want you to know ways to keep yourself safe from heat exhaustion this summer.

The Symptoms

According to the American Red Cross, there are two types of heat exhaustion: water depletion and salt depletion. If you experience any of these symptoms, you could have heat exhaustion:

  • Cool, moist, pale or flushed skin
  • Heavy sweating
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Exhaustion

What to Do

If you or anyone else has symptoms of heat exhaustion, it’s essential to immediately get out of the heat and rest, preferably in an air-conditioned room. You can also follow one of these safety suggestions:

  • Remove or loosen tight clothing and spray the person with water or apply cool, wet cloths or towels to the skin.
  • Fan the person.
  • If conscious, give small amounts of cool water to drink. Make sure the person drinks slowly.
  • Watch for any changes in condition.
  • If the person refuses water, vomits or begins to lose consciousness, call 9-1-1.

Remember, the risk of heat-related illness dramatically increases when the heat index climbs to 90 degrees or more. So it’s important – especially during heat waves – to pay attention to the reported heat index. Read more from the American Red Cross about how to keep you and your family safe from the heat.

 

Exercising the Body and Brain

Presented by TP Mechanical | Provided by HORAN

Studies have shown a strong relationship between the health of the body and the health of the brain. Exercise revs up complex processes inside the brain that can deter depression, help you stay calm and keep your mind sharp.

Exercise Boosts Mental Fitness

spark of genius brainThe brain has approximately 86 billion neurons designed to give orders to the rest of the body through chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. Studies show that deficiencies of two of these neurotransmitters (glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA), can lead to mood disorders such as depression. However, moderate exercise can increase the amounts of the two neurotransmitters, contributing to increased mental fitness.

Exercise Decreases Stress

When you’re stressed, your brain secretes the “fight or flight” hormone, cortisol. Elevated cortisol levels can create a constant and unnecessary feeling of stress. But, if you exercise, you expose your body to “controlled stress,” which helps regulate your brain’s stress response, keeping you calmer.

Exercise Slows the Brain’s Aging Process

bigstock-Running-sport--trail-runners--47575639Your brain ages just like the rest of your body, but exercise can help the brain handle natural, age-related deterioration without taking a toll on your memory. Older adults who exercise have larger brain volumes than those who don’t. Plus, the brain’s hippocampus (which is responsible for memory and learning) is larger in people who are active. Exercising won’t make you smarter, per se, but it will help you remember things better as you age.

FDA Moves to Regulate the Sale of E-cigarettes

Presented by TP Mechanical | Provided by HORAN

Electronic Cigarettes Collection Isolated On WhiteWhen electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, first entered the market, there were few rules regulating who they could be sold to and what warnings (if any) they must carry. In recent years, concerns about the safety of e-cigarettes has grown and many have criticized e-cigarette manufacturers for targeting teenagers with candy-like flavors like cookies and cream, chocolate and birthday cake.

On May 5, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that e-cigarettes and other tobacco products, like hookahs, will be regulated in the same way that traditional cigarettes are. Retailers will now be required to verify that all e- cigarette customers are at least 18 years old, and they will no longer be able to distribute free samples to customers.

E-cigarettes With Lots Of Different Re-fill BottlesPreviously, there were no regulations about disclosing the ingredients in e-cigarettes. Under the new rule, all manufacturers will be required to list what is in their products. E-cigarettes must also now carry warnings that they contain the addictive substance, nicotine, and they must come in child- resistant packaging.

In addition, all e-cigarettes that went on sale after February 2007 must gain FDA approval. Considering the fact that the e-cigarette market was virtually non-existent before 2007, this means that every e-cigarette, as well as every flavor and nicotine level, will need to be approved. This could be a very time-intensive and expensive process for companies. E-cigarette manufacturers will have two years to gain FDA approval.

Food Labels to Get a Makeover

Presented by TP Mechanical | Provided by HORAN

On May 23, 2016, the FDA announced that food labels will be getting an overhaul. The new food labels will now list how many added sugars are in each product and more clearly define what a serving size is. Many Americans are unaware of how much sugar is added to foods they wouldn’t conventionally think of as sweet, like cereal, flavored yogurts and tomato soup. The FDA hopes that these new labels will help Americans better manage their diets.

The new labels will also use a bolder font to highlight the number of calories in each food, and labels will now include potassium and vitamin D levels—since studies have shown that many Americans are deficient in these areas.

Food labels will no longer be required to list vitamin C and A levels because deficiencies in these vitamins are now rare, according to the FDA. Calcium and iron amounts, though, will remain on the label.

Large food manufacturers will have two years to add the new labels to their products. Small manufacturers—those who generate less than $10 million in sales a year—will have three years to adhere to new labeling requirements.

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SPF Claims Fall Short For Many Sunscreens

Presented by TP Mechanical | Provided by HORAN

According to a new study from Consumer Reports, 43 percent of sunscreen products do not live up to the sun protection factor (SPF) claims on their bottles.

Consumer Reports found that 13 out of the 35 sunscreen lotions tested had an SPF of less than 30, despite claiming to have at least an SPF of 30 on their labels. The majority of products that fell short on their SPF numbers did so by 10 to 15 points. However, some products were labeled as SPF 50, and were only found to have an SPF of 8.

The study found that sunscreens with active chemical ingredients like avobenzone and ecamsule performed better during testing than those with natural ingredients like zinc oxide.

For more information about the report and to see the top performers, click here. To promote further sun protection, the American Academy of Dermatology encourages people to wear protective clothing when going outdoors and to stay in the shade when possible to reduce the risk of skin cancer.

 


This article is intended for informational purposes only and is not intended to be exhaustive, nor should any discussion or opinions be construed as professional advice. Readers should contact a health professional for appropriate advice.

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